The technical tools used in stocks trading

Stock trading is an essential part of the financial markets and a common way to generate wealth. It involves buying, holding and selling stocks to make a profit. To succeed at stock trading, traders must know the different technical tools available, how they work and how they can be used effectively. This article outlines the most commonly used technical tools for stock trading in the UK, so that you can buy stocks with peace of mind.

Moving averages

Moving averages are a critical technical tool used in stock trading. Essentially, they measure the average price of a security over a given period. By tracking this average price, traders can identify trends and buy stocks when they are cheap or sell them when they’re expensive. The most common type of moving average is the simple moving average (SMA). It uses a straight line to connect closing prices for the past few days, giving an idea of market direction. Additionally, the exponential moving average (EMA) gives more focus to recent prices, making it a better indicator of changes in momentum.

Relative strength index (RSI)

The relative strength index (RSI) is another favoured technical tool stock traders use. It measures the internal strength of the security by comparing its gains against its losses. The RSI value ranges from 0 to 100, with higher values indicating that the security is overbought and lower values showing oversold. It can help traders identify buy or sell opportunities in the market. In addition, it can be used for trend identification by considering buying pressure when the RSI rises above 50 and selling pressure when it falls below 50.

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger bands are a technical tool which helps traders buy stocks at low prices and sell them at high prices by taking advantage of volatility levels. It uses two lines, one representing an average price level and a second line representing standard deviation measurement. The stock moving beyond these boundaries could indicate buy or sell signals. The bands become narrower when volatility decreases and expand when volatility increases. It helps traders identify and buy stocks at reasonable prices and potential selling points.

Support and resistance

Support and resistance levels is another critical technical tool used in stock trading. They are reference points which show the range of price movements of a security over time, indicating buying opportunities at support levels and potential sell points at resistance levels. These can be identified by looking for historical highs and lows on a chart to identify existing support/resistance levels and using trend lines to predict future buy/sell points. Moreover, these levels can be used to set buy/sell orders.

Candlestick chart

Candlestick charts are a popular visual representation of stock prices which can help traders make buy/sell decisions. They consist of four parts: opening, closing, high and low price. The vertical portion of the candlestick is called the body and represents the range between open and closed prices. Meanwhile, wicks at each end indicate the highest and lowest points for that period. By studying these patterns, traders can identify buy and sell signals based on bullish or bearish trends. Furthermore, candlestick charts can identify price and trend reversals and support and resistance levels.

Technical indicators

Technical indicators are mathematical calculations which help traders buy stocks at the right time and take advantage of market movements. They can measure volatility, trend strength, momentum and volume. The most common technical indicators include moving averages, RSI, MACD, Bollinger Bands and Fibonacci retracement. By using these indicators and other technical tools, such as candlestick charts and support/resistance levels, traders can make informed buy/sell decisions more accurately. Additionally, they can get an idea of the overall trend in the market and buy stocks accordingly.


Technical tools are essential for stock traders in the UK to buy stocks at the right time and take advantage of market movements. These tools help traders identify buy and sell signals, set buy and sell orders, measure volatility and trend strength, and identify price and trend reversals. By combining these tools, traders can confidently buy stocks and make informed buy and sell decisions.